Ammo laws in california
the following is information pertaining to the new ammo laws and how they work as of july 1st 2019.
as of july 1st, all ammo transfers, by law, must go through the DROS entry system and purchasers must pass an eligibility check for purchasing ammo.
as you can see above, it's relatively straight forward. however, there were some last minute rule changes pertaining to the use of RealIDs. while they aren't absolutely required, there are some extra identifying documents required by the state if you use a "federal limits apply" ID card.
“Eligibility checks” refers to applications or reports for which an applicant is required to submit a driver license or identification card, or the number from a driver license or identification card, so that the Department of Justice may determine the applicant’s eligibility to possess a firearm or ammunition under state or federal law.
Eligibility checks are required upon submission of the following DES transactions: • Applications to purchase a firearm • Applications to purchase ammunition
For all eligibility checks, a copy of the applicant’s driver license or identification card shall be submitted.
If the applicant presents a California driver license or identification card with the notation “FEDERAL LIMITS APPLY” on the front, the applicant shall also submit a copy of a document that proves their lawful presence in the United States, in the form of one of the following documents:
• Valid, unexpired U.S. passport or passport card • Certified copy of U.S. birth certificate • Certification of Birth Abroad (FS-545), Certification of Report of Birth (DS-1350) or Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States of America (FS-240), issued by the U.S. Department of State • Valid, unexpired foreign passport with valid U.S. immigrant visa and approved Record of Arrival/Departure (I-94) form • Certified copy of birth certificate from a U.S. Territory • Certificate of Naturalization or U.S. Citizenship • Valid, unexpired Permanent Resident Card
For all eligibility checks, if the applicant’s California driver license or identification card has the notation “FEDERAL LIMITS APPLY” on the front and the applicant’s name as it appears on the driver license or identification card differs from the name on the document supplied, the applicant shall also submit a copy of one of the following certified documents:
• An adoption document that contains the legal name of the applicant as a result of the adoption. • A name change document that contains the applicant’s legal name both before and, as a result of, the name change. • A marriage certificate. • A dissolution of marriage document that contains the legal name of the applicant as a result of the court action. • A certificate, declaration or registration document verifying the formation of a domestic partnership. • A dissolution of domestic partnership document that contains the legal name of the applicant as a result of the court action.
The dealer shall keep copies of the documents required as part of the permanent record of the transaction.
These requirements also pertain to an application or report submitted to the Department of Justice in a paper format. Copies of the documents required shall be submitted along with the paper application. These applications and reports include: • New Resident Report of Firearms Ownership (BOF 4010A) • Firearms Ownership Report (BOF 4542A) • Curio or Relic Firearm Report (BOF 4100A) • Collector In-State Acquisition of Curio and Relic Long Gun Report, (BOF 961) • Report of Operation of Law or Intra-Familial Firearm Transaction (BOF 4544A) • Dangerous Weapons License/Permit(s) Application (BOF 030) or (BOF 031)
These requirements also pertain to an application or report submitted to the Department of Justice electronically via CFARS. Copies of the documents required shall be uploaded to CFARS as prompted during the application or reporting process. These applications and reports include: • Certificate of Eligibility Application • Unique Serial Number Application • New Resident Report of Firearms Ownership • Firearms Ownership Report • Curio and Relic Firearm Report • Collector In-State Acquisition of Curio and Relic Long Gun Report • Report of Operation of Law or Intra-Familial Firearm Transaction
as you can see, a lot of these things were items we didn't need to provide this information for, previously. the reason for this, as the DOJ admitted, is because it was found that the issuance of driver's licenses to non-resident aliens created a problem, wherein it was discovered that those IDS were indestinguishable from those of legal residents, and as such, the DOJ engaged in an emergency rule making addendum, and the CA OAL approved.
out of state purchases can buy ammo in state, however, they will need to apply for a Certificate of Eligibility in order to do so, prior to coming to the state to hunt or for recreation. there are certain exemptions for purchases in shooting ranges as well, however, this only applies to ammo expressly used at the range and is not to leave the range itself. otherwise a check will be necessary.
please keep this in mind when visiting sporting goods stores to buy ammo for the day, or a trip, etc. and further, please read up on the law prior to purchasing.
if you are not a FFL holder or one of the specially exempted, then I am required to run a check and it must be passed before I will transfer ammo to any party.